Frieze definition greek architecture

What is a Greek frieze?

A frieze was a standard part of Greek architecture, a decorative area above the columns and below the roof line. The frieze was part of the entablature, a larger section comprised of a series of horizontal bands. Greeks created three orders of architecture and friezes varied depending of which order was being used.

What is the main purpose of Frieze?

In the classical architecture of Ancient Greece and Rome, a frieze is a long and narrow sculptural band that runs along the middle of an entablature, used for decorative purposes . It sits on top of the column capitals, in between the architrave on the lowest level and the cornice at the top.

What is a pediment and a frieze?

Locating the Frieze The pediment is the triangular section, but the entablature is the wide, horizontal section that rests directly on top of the columns. The entablature itself is made up of three sections, with the frieze being the one in the middle. The lowest horizontal beam is the architrave.

What are the three types of Greek architecture?

There are three distinct orders in Ancient Greek architecture : Doric, Ionic, and Corinthian. These three were adopted by the Romans, who modified their capitals.

What is a big marble frieze of a Greek god?

The Parthenon frieze is the high-relief pentelic marble sculpture created to adorn the upper part of the Parthenon’s naos. It was sculpted between c. 443 and 437 BC, most likely under the direction of Pheidias.

Does the pantheon have a frieze?

In the case of the Pantheon , however, the inscription on the frieze —in raised bronze letters (modern replacements)—easily deceives, as it did for many centuries.

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What does frieze mean in art?

By extension, a frieze is a long stretch of painted, sculpted or even calligraphic decoration in such a position, normally above eye-level. Frieze decorations may depict scenes in a sequence of discrete panels. The material of which the frieze is made of may be plasterwork, carved wood or other decorative medium.

What are the decorative pieces in the frieze called?

Triglyph – a decorative element of a frieze with two vertical grooves.

What is a pediment in Greek architecture?

Pediment , in architecture , triangular gable forming the end of the roof slope over a portico (the area, with a roof supported by columns, leading to the entrance of a building); or a similar form used decoratively over a doorway or window. The pediment was the crowning feature of the Greek temple front.

Which God does the Parthenon honor?

goddess Athena

What does metope mean?

In classical architecture, a metope (μετόπη) is a rectangular architectural element that fills the space between two triglyphs in a Doric frieze, which is a decorative band of alternating triglyphs and metopes above the architrave of a building of the Doric order.

What does pediment mean?

A pediment is an architectural element found particularly in Classical, Neoclassical and Baroque architecture, and its derivatives, consisting of a gable, usually of a triangular shape, placed above the horizontal structure of the lintel, or entablature, if supported by columns.

What is Greek architecture famous for?

Greek architecture is known for tall columns , intricate detail , symmetry, harmony, and balance. The Greeks built all sorts of buildings. The main examples of Greek architecture that survive today are the large temples that they built to their gods.

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What are the characteristics of Greek architecture?

The Parthenon, shows the common structural features of Ancient Greek architecture : crepidoma, columns, entablature, pediment. At the Temple of Aphaia, the hypostyle columns rise in two tiers, to a height greater than the walls, to support a roof without struts.

Why is Greek architecture so important?

Greek architecture is important for several reasons: (1) Because of its logic and order. Logic and order are at the heart of Greek architecture . The Hellenes planned their temples according to a coded scheme of parts, based first on function, then on a reasoned system of sculptural decoration.