What is the difference between Gothic and Renaissance architecture?
The main art form of the Gothic era is architecture , specifically in the form of cathedrals. Renaissance architecture featured more Romanesque forms (building a home around a courtyard, for example), often based around circles instead of the vertical, upward movement of Gothic architecture .
What are the characteristics of Romanesque architecture?
Combining features of ancient Roman and Byzantine buildings and other local traditions, Romanesque architecture is known by its massive quality, thick walls, round arches, sturdy pillars, barrel vaults, large towers and decorative arcading.
What are five characteristics of Romanesque architecture?
Romanesque churches characteristically incorporated semicircular arches for windows, doors, and arcades; barrel or groin vaults to support the roof of the nave; massive piers and walls, with few windows, to contain the outward thrust of the vaults; side aisles with galleries above them; a large tower over the crossing
What are the three basic elements of the Gothic style?
There are three things that make Gothic architecture Gothic: The pointed arch . The ribbed vault . The flying buttress.
What are the key features of Gothic architecture?
While the Gothic style can vary according to location, age, and type of building, it is often characterized by 5 key architectural elements : large stained glass windows, pointed arches, ribbed vaults, flying buttresses, and ornate decoration.
What is an example of Romanesque architecture?
Other important examples of Romanesque styles include the cathedrals of Worms and Mainz, Limburg Cathedral (in the Rhenish Romanesque style), Maulbronn Abbey (an example of Cistercian architecture), and the famous castle of Wartburg, which was later expanded in the Gothic style.
Why is it called Romanesque architecture?
The name gives it away– Romanesque architecture is based on Roman architectural elements. It is the rounded Roman arch that is the literal basis for structures built in this style.
What is the function of Romanesque?
The first consistent style was called Romanesque , which was at its peak between 1050 and 1200. Romanesque churches used art, largely painting and sculpture, to communicate important things. For one, art was used as visual reminders of biblical stories, which helped teach the faith to an illiterate population.
What does Romanesque mean?
: of or relating to a style of architecture developed in Italy and western Europe between the Roman and the Gothic styles and characterized in its development after 1000 by the use of the round arch and vault, substitution of piers for columns, decorative use of arcades, and profuse ornament.
Who created Romanesque architecture?
Where is Gothic architecture mostly found?
Gothic architecture , architectural style in Europe that lasted from the mid-12th century to the 16th century, particularly a style of masonry building characterized by cavernous spaces with the expanse of walls broken up by overlaid tracery. Chartres Cathedral , France.
What does gothic mean?
The adjective gothic describes something that is characterized by mystery, horror, and gloom — especially in literature. Gothic can also describe something barbaric, rude, and unenlightened as if from medieval times. This use of the word is usually capitalized.
What are the features of Gothic?
Defining Elements of Gothic Literature Mystery and Fear. One of the crucial components of a captivating Gothic story evokes feelings of suspense and fear. Omens and Curses. Atmosphere and Setting. Supernatural and Paranormal Activity. Romance. Villain. Emotional Distress. Nightmares.
What period is Gothic?
Gothic art, the painting, sculpture, and architecture characteristic of the second of two great international eras that flourished in western and central Europe during the Middle Ages. Gothic art evolved from Romanesque art and lasted from the mid-12th century to as late as the end of the 16th century in some areas.