Gupta art and architecture

What kinds of art were created during the Gupta reign?

Stone figures, terracotta reliefs have also been created during the Gupta period. The Gandhara and Mathura schools reached greater heights during this period. Padmapani, painting ,Ajanta caves, Gupta period. Chaitya hall,Cave 19, Ajanta,Maharashtra.

What were the two features of the architecture of the Gupta period?

Most prominent architectural marvels of Gupta period are temples. Most of the temples built in the Gupta era were carved with representation of Gods (mainly avatara of Vishnu and Lingams) and Goddesses. The Shikhara was not much prominent in the early Gupta temples but was prominent in later Gupta era .

What inspired most Gupta art?

Background. Gupta art was preceded by Kushan art , the art of the Kushan Empire in northern India, which flourished between the 1st and the 4th century CE and blended the tradition of the Greco-Buddhist art of Gandhara, influenced by Hellenistic artistic canons, and the more Indian art of Mathura.

What were the main features of Gupta administration?

Discuss two important features of Gupta administration ​ The Guptas had strong central government, but they also allowed a certain degree of local government. The king was the head of the administrative system. The empire was divided into provinces or territorial divisions called Bhukti or Pradesh.

What is the time period of Gupta art?

4th–6th centuries ce) During the 4th and the 5th centuries, when much of northern India was ruled by the Gupta dynasty , Indian sculpture entered what has been called its classic phase.

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Where is the other surviving example of Gupta paintings?

There are only two known examples of cave paintings of the Gupta period in ancient India. One of these is paintings of Ajanta caves.

Why did the Gupta empire collapse?

The Huna People, also known as Huns, invaded Gupta territory and caused significant damage to the empire . The Gupta Empire ended in 550 CE, when it disintegrated into regional kingdoms after a series of weak rulers and invasions from the east, west, and north.

Where is a brick temple of Gupta age found?

Bhitargaon

What did the Gupta empire build?

The Guptas were the first architects of purpose- built Hindu (but sometimes also Buddhist) temples which evolved from the earlier tradition of rock-cut shrines. Adorned with towers and elaborate carvings, these temples were often dedicated to all the Hindu gods.

How did the Gupta empire expand?

In the following decades, the Guptas expanded their control over the surrounding kingdoms either through militaristic expansion or by means of marriage alliances. In fact the Gupta period is considered something of a golden age, marked by great achievements in literature, music, art, architecture, and philosophy.

What did the Gupta empire trade?

Gupta Empire carried out trade with China, Ceylon and other European countries. After around 550 AD, trading activities with the Roman Empire were relaxed. The Guptas imported Chinese silk and ivory from East Africa.

What was the religion of the Gupta empire?

During the Gupta empire—from about 320 to 550 CE—emperors used Hinduism as a unifying religion and helped popularize it by promoting educational systems that included Hindu teachings; they also gave land to brahmins. The Gupta emperors helped make Hinduism the most popular religion on the Indian subcontinent.

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Why Gupta age is called golden period?

This period became known as the Golden Age of India because it was marked by extensive inventions and discoveries in science, technology, engineering, art, dialectic, literature, logic, mathematics, astronomy, religion, and philosophy.

Who is the founder of Gupta empire?

Chandra Gupta I

What is a Vishti in Gupta administration?

In the Gupta Age, the term Vishti referred to Forced labor. While the Kshatriyas obtained their percentage of the material surplus through the power of arms in the kind of taxes (Shulka, Bali and Kar etc.), forced labor (Balutam and Vishti ), tithes and other perquisites.