Why do Orthodox churches have domes?
There are several explanations of what these domes mean. One says that these domes are meant to gather or collect the goodness from Heaven, while another explanation is that they are meant to show the outpouring of the Holy Spirit upon the Church . The domes also come in different forms.
How was the Eastern Orthodox Church different from the Roman Catholic Church?
The Catholic Church believes the pope to be infallible in matters of doctrine. Orthodox believers reject the infallibility of the pope and consider their own patriarchs, too, as human and thus subject to error. Most Orthodox Churches have both ordained married priests and celibate monastics, so celibacy is an option.
What language did the Eastern Orthodox Church speak?
What role did art and architecture play in the Orthodox churches?
Art , Architecture , and the Liturgy So, the vast majority of Byzantine art and architecture were devoted to creating the perfect space for the liturgy. Byzantine churches created miniature worlds of heavenly purity, holiness, and sacred wonder.
Why did the Orthodox Church split from Catholic Church?
The Great Schism came about due to a complex mix of religious disagreements and political conflicts. One of the many religious disagreements between the western (Roman) and eastern (Byzantine) branches of the church had to do with whether or not it was acceptable to use unleavened bread for the sacrament of communion.
Who heads the Orthodox Church?
the Patriarch of Constantinople
What came first Catholic or Orthodox?
The two were once one so originally there was no separation, and originally it was just the “Christian Church.” The Orthodox church is considered the original church now because they follow more of the old traditions than Roman Catholics do; more changes happened in the Catholic church after the east west schism than
Can Eastern Orthodox priests marry?
In the Eastern Orthodox Church and Oriental Orthodoxy, celibacy is the norm for bishops; married men may be ordained to the priesthood , but even married priests whose wives pre-decease them are not allowed to enter marriage after ordination.
Can you be both Catholic and Orthodox?
Most Orthodox Churches allow marriages between members of the Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. Because the Catholic Church respects their celebration of the Mass as a true sacrament, intercommunion with the Eastern Orthodox in “suitable circumstances and with Church authority” is both possible and encouraged.
Do Eastern Orthodox believe in purgatory?
While the Eastern Orthodox Church rejects the term purgatory , it acknowledges an intermediate state after death and offers prayer for the dead. Also, the Orthodox Church does not believe in indulgences as remissions from purgatorial punishment.
Is Greek Orthodox the same as Eastern Orthodox?
The official designation of the church in Eastern Orthodox liturgical or canonical texts is “the Orthodox Catholic Church.” Because of the historical links of Eastern Orthodoxy with the Eastern Roman Empire and Byzantium (Constantinople), however, in English usage it is referred to as the “ Eastern ” or “ Greek Orthodox ”
Is Orthodox or Catholic older?
Most early Christian clergy recognised the primacy and prominence of Rome, where the Pope resided. Therefore the Catholic Church is the oldest of all. Indian Orthodox church is not exactly (Eastern) Orthodox , which are doctrinally very close to Catholics .
Is the Orthodox Church Catholic?
The Eastern Orthodox Church considers itself to be both orthodox and catholic . In a Christian context, the Christian Church , as identified with the original Church founded by Christ and his apostles, is said to be catholic (or universal) in regard to its union with Christ in faith.
Why are most Eastern Orthodox churches on a rectangular floorplan?
The church building has many symbolic meanings; perhaps the oldest and most prominent is the concept that the Church is the Ark of Salvation (as in Noah’s Ark) in which the world is saved from the flood of temptations. Because of this, most Orthodox Churches are rectangular in design.
How is the Orthodox Church organized?
The Orthodox Church is decentralised, having no central authority, earthly head or a single Bishop in a leadership role. Thus, the Orthodox Church uses a synodical system canonically, which is significantly different from the hierarchically organised Catholic Church that follows the doctrine of papal supremacy.