What does balloon construction mean?
Balloon framing is a style of wood-house building that uses long, vertical 2″ x 4″s for the exterior walls. These long “studs” extend uninterrupted, from the sill on top of the foundation, all the way up to the roof. Some also assumed this type of framing could only be used in utilitarian, box-like buildings.
What type of construction is balloon frame?
What Is It? From the late 1800s until about 1940, balloon – frame wood construction was a fast and easy way to construct multi-story homes found primarily in the East and Midwest. The balloon frame uses a continuous wood stud wall member that stretches from the foundation to the attic.
How do you know if a balloon frame is construction?
If you have buildings like this in your community, then most likely they are of balloon – frame construction . You are faced with vertical channels, the exterior stud chases that are open from the basement to the roof.
Why is it called balloon framing?
These materials were used to build lightweight buildings with nailed frames made of dimensional lumber. It was said to have been called balloon construction because the buildings were so light they looked like they would float away.
Why is balloon framing no longer used?
Since the house was originally built with balloon construction , there are void spaces that can allow fires to spread easily from floor to floor. Balloon framing is no longer used today, Stack said.
When did balloon frame construction stop?
Balloon-frame, which was built from the early 19th century until World War II, poses unique firefighting problems because it lacks horizontal fire stops between the studs inside of the exterior walls. Most balloon-frame homes are two or three stories tall.
Is balloon framing stronger?
Though not as strong and imposing as a timber frame , balloon frames were eventually regarded as a more than acceptable way to build a house. With wall cavities that are typically uninsulated and run the entire height of the building fire is able to spread quickly and often without notice.
How are second floor joists supported when using balloon frame construction?
Timber girts supported the tavern’s second -story floor joists . They were tenoned, pinned, and braced to mortised corner posts. The balloon frame eliminated these elements by nailing a one-by-four-inch board, called a ledger or ribband, into vertical studs that ran continuously to the height of the building.
What is the difference between platform and balloon framing?
The central difference between balloon and platform framing is that the studs in a balloon frame extend from the foundation to the rafters, whereas in a platform frame , the studs are independent on each storey. Platform framing enabled a fire break to be included between each floor.
Why is platform framing the norm in most construction?
use in building construction In platform framing , each floor is framed separately, as contrasted with balloon framing , in which the studs (vertical members) extend the full height of the building. Freed from the heavy timbers of the post-and-beam system, platform framing offers ease of construction .
What is frame construction type?
Frame —Exterior walls of wood, brick veneer, stone veneer, wood ironclad, or stucco on wood. ( Construction Code 1) Joisted Masonry—Exterior walls of masonry material (adobe, brick, concrete, gypsum block, hollow concrete block, stone, tile, or similar materials) with combustible floor and roof. (
Why is framing important in construction?
The house framing process is one of the most important parts of any home construction project. If your house’s frame is not properly put together, the floors will squeak when they’re finished, the drywall won’t be able to lie flat, and the home’s doors won’t close like they should.
What is the most common type of framing?
Why was balloon framing important?
The main advantage balloon framing has over platform framing is the increased wind load strength. The roof structure tied to the sole plate by the continuous studs make balloon framing very popular in hurricane-prone areas. Balloon frame structures also have less settling than platform framing as a result of shrinkage.
What are horizontal studs called?
Joists are horizontal structural members used to support floors and ceilings.