What are some benefits that resulted from the construction of the Aswan High Dam?
The Aswan Dam benefits Egypt by controlling the annual floods on the Nile River and prevents the damage which used to occur along the floodplain. The Aswan High Dam provides about half of Egypt’s power supply and has improved navigation along the river by keeping the water flow consistent.
What are the disadvantages of the Aswan High Dam?
List of the Cons of the Aswan High Dam The project forced over 1 million people to be relocated. Access to critical archaeological sites was limited by the project. It changed how sediments flow to the sea. Fertilization issues are now present in Egypt. It encourages coastline erosion around the delta.
What were two major economic benefits of the Aswan High Dam being built?
The steady water supply sustained by the High Aswan Dam increased transport productivity, and year round availability of predictable and adequate water sustained a shift towards more valuable summer crops.
Who paid for Aswan Dam?
In June 1956, the Soviets offered Nasser $1.12 billion at 2% interest for the construction of the dam.
What are the positive and negative effects of the Aswan High Dam?
Soil and Fertility: Although one of the benefits of the Aswan High Dam was the ability of farmers to grow crops year round, the stoppage of the Nile floods has had negative effects as well. The yearly flooding deposited a layer of rich, fertile soil that was excellent for growing crops.
How much energy does the Aswan Dam produce?
The Aswan High Dam captures floodwater during rainy seasons and releases the water during times of drought. The dam also generates enormous amounts of electric power — more than 10 billion kilowatt-hours every year. That’s enough electricity to power one million color televisions for 20 years!
Why is the Aswan Dam bad?
DISADVANTAGES OF ASWAN DAM the agriculture output of Egypt. The hydroelectric power accounts for 45% of Egypt’s energy needs. and the size of the Egyptian population increases. variations downstream as the amount of water released is regulated.
Why is the Aswan High Dam so important?
With a reservoir capacity of 132km³, the Aswan High Dam provides water for around 33,600km² of irrigation land. It serves the irrigation needs of both Egypt and Sudan, controls flooding, generates power, and helps in improving navigation across the Nile.
What if the Aswan dam broke?
What if the dam were destroyed, leaving Lake Nasser to rush downstream? The answer is that a tidal wave of such magnitude would be created that Egypt would essentially cease to exist as a country. Tens of millions of people would be killed, and untold material damage would be created.
Is the Aswan Dam the largest dam in the world?
Aswan high dam , the third biggest in the world , impounds the River Nile and creates Lake Nasser. Robert-Bourassa is the tenth biggest dam in the world with a reservoir capacity of 61.7 billion cubic metres.
Why did they dam the Nile?
The dam is designed to control the Nile water for the expansion of cultivation and for the generation of hydroelectric power and to provide protection downstream for both crops and population against unusually high floods. The work began in 1959 and was completed in 1970.
What are the problems of the Aswan Dam?
increased diseases, human issues, changes to the Egyptian fishing industry, and. erosion of the Delta.
Does the Nile still flood today?
The Nile used to flood once every year during the inundation season, what the Egyptians called Akhet, between June and September. Now, the Nile doesn’t flood anymore because of the construction of the Aswan dam in the 1960’s (see page 11).
Who built the Aswan Dam in Egypt?
How many dams are in Egypt?
Over the past 50 years, six Nile Basin countries have built 25 hydroelectric dams .