Principles of test construction

What are the general principles of test construction?

The fundamental principles of test construction are such as (a) Validity, (b) Reliability (c) Standardisation (d) their evaluation. (a) Validity: ADVERTISEMENTS: The validity of a test is determined by the relationship between the test and some criterion of efficiency on the job.

What is test construction?

Test construction is the set of activities involved in developing and evaluating a test of some psychological function. In clinical neuropsychology, the construct of interest is generally a cognitive function, although certain classes of behavior ( Executive Functioning) may also be the construct of interest in tests .

What are the stages of test construction?

Stages in test construction : Planning, Preparing, Reviewing, Revising Test Items.

What are the purposes of test construction?

Test development or test construction refers to the science and art of planning, preparing, administering, scoring, statistically analyzing, and reporting results of tests . This article emphasizes a systematic process used to develop tests in order to maximize validity evidence for scores resulting from those tests .

What are the 7 principles of testing?

The seven principles of testing Testing shows the presence of defects, not their absence. Exhaustive testing is impossible. Early testing saves time and money. Defects cluster together. Beware of the pesticide paradox . Testing is context dependent. Absence-of-errors is a fallacy.

What are the four types of test?

There are four types of testing in schools today — diagnostic, formative, benchmark, and summative.

What are the two types of testing?

Types of Functional Testing : Unit Testing. Component Testing. Smoke Testing . Integration Testing . Regression Testing . Sanity Testing . System Testing. User Acceptance Testing .

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What is reliability in test construction?

Reliability is the degree to which an assessment tool produces stable and consistent results. Types of Reliability . Test -retest reliability is a measure of reliability obtained by administering the same test twice over a period of time to a group of individuals.

What are the purposes of testing?

They are used to determine whether students have learned what they were expected to learn or to level or degree to which students have learned the material . They may be used to measure learning progress and achievement and to evaluate the effectiveness of educational programs.

How do you do test construction?

Selecting appropriate item types. Determining the Objectives of Testing : Preparing Test Specifications: (i) Preparing the Test Items: (ii) Preparing Instruction for the Test : (iii) Preparing the Scoring Key: (a) Administration of the test : (b) Scoring the test : (a) Item analysis:

What are the types of test items?

There are two general categories of test items : (1) objective items which require students to select the correct response from several alternatives or to supply a word or short phrase to answer a question or complete a statement; and (2) subjective or essay items which permit the student to organize and present an

What are the types of achievement test?

Achievement test may be of different types on the basis of the purpose for which it is administered. They are diagnostic tests , prognostic test , accuracy test , power test , spit test etc. Achievement tests can be administered in different period of time.

What are the characteristics of a good test?

Validity: The first important characteristic of a good test is validity. The test must. Reliability : A good test should be highly reliable. This means that the test should give. Objectivity : By objectivity of a measuring instrument is meant for the degree to which. equally competent users get the same results. Norms:

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What are the four steps involved in reviewing a test?

The Four Steps of the Assessment Cycle Step 1: Clearly define and identify the learning outcomes. Step 2: Select appropriate assessment measures and assess the learning outcomes. Step 3: Analyze the results of the outcomes assessed. Step 4: Adjust or improve programs following the results of the learning outcomes assessed.

What is the meaning of test?

1a : a means of testing : such as. (1) : something (such as a series of questions or exercises) for measuring the skill, knowledge, intelligence, capacities, or aptitudes of an individual or group. (2) : a procedure, reaction, or reagent used to identify or characterize a substance or constituent.