Blueprint reading for construction

How do you read building plans?

The Basics: How to Read Architectural Plans Be organized and diligent when reading plans . Start in upper left corner and work way across page so as not to miss any details. Read the plan cover sheet. There are often reference points that are used between professionals and sets of drawings. Review the plan index which provides a list of all plan sheets.

What are the 6 types of construction drawings?

All the types of construction drawings can be segregated into the following sets of drawings : Architectural Drawings . Structural Drawings . HVAC Drawings . Electrical & Plumbing Drawings . Firefighter Drawings . Miscellaneous Drawings .

What are blueprints called now?

The term blueprint continues to be used less formally to refer to any floor plan (and even less formally, any type of plan). Practicing engineers, architects, and drafters just call them “drawings” or “prints”.

What is a construction blueprint?

Construction plans ( blueprints ) are 2-dimensional architectural drawings that explain the details of a project. They provide construction workers with other important information for the project including building codes, installation techniques, measurements, and quality standards.

What do blueprints include?

When I Buy a House Plan, What Will The Blueprint Package Include ? Detailed Floor Plans (Detailed House Plans ) Exterior Elevations. Residential Front Perspective. Foundation And Basement Plans. House And Detail Cross-Sections. Floor Structural Supports. Electrical Plan. Roof Framing Plans.

How do you calculate scale?

To scale an object to a smaller size, you simply divide each dimension by the required scale factor. For example, if you would like to apply a scale factor of 1:6 and the length of the item is 60 cm, you simply divide 60 / 6 = 10 cm to get the new dimension.

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What is the scale of a blueprint?

The main floor plans are generally drawn to ¼” scale which means that every ¼” on the plan equals 1′ in actual length. Other details like framing layouts or built-in details may be drawn at another scale like 1/8″ or even ¾”.

What is scale ratio in drawing?

The scale is a ratio of the size of the drawing to the size of the original object being drawn . This may be referred to as a scale ratio . For example, if the scale is 1 cm : 3 cm, then the length of 1 cm in the drawing represents 3 cm in true size (or original size).

Are floor plans length by width?

All dimensions are always presented in feet and inches. Room dimensions are presented in width by the length . For example, a room that has a dimension of 12′ x 16′ means it’s 12 feet wide (from side to side) by 16 feet long (from top to bottom).

How do I make a floor plan?

There are a few basic steps to creating a floor plan : Choose an area. Determine the area to be drawn. Take measurements. If the building exists, measure the walls, doors, and pertinent furniture so that the floor plan will be accurate. Draw walls. Add architectural features. Add furniture.